One-step assembly of iron(III)-tannic acid (Fe3+-TA) complex forms nanothin (∼10 nm) films on various substrates within minutes. In this deposition scheme, however, the film does not grow continuously over time even though Fe3+-TA complex is still abundant in the coating solution. In this paper, we report that the salt addition dramatically changes the one-off coating characteristic to continuous one, and each salt has its optimum concentration (CMFT) that produces maximum film thickness. For detailed investigation of the salt effects, we employed various salts, including LiCl, NaCl, KCl, CaCl2, SrCl2, BaCl2, NaBr, and NaNO3, and found that only cations played an important role in the continuous deposition of the Fe3+-TA complex, with smaller CMFT values for the cations of higher valency and larger size. On the basis of the results, we suggested that the positively charged cations screened the negative surface charges of Fe3+-TA complex particles, leading to coagulation and continuous deposition, further supported by the ζ-potential measurement and time-resolved dynamic light-scattering analysis.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science and ICT (MSIT) (NRF-2016R1A1A1A05921718 to W.K.C. and NRF-2018R1C1B5045778 to J.H.P.).
© 2018 American Chemical Society.