We evaluated the safety of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) inhibitor in experimental glaucoma filtration surgery in an animal model. Fifteen New Zealand white rabbits underwent an experimental trabeculectomy and were randomly allocated into 3 groups according to the adjuvant agent: no treatment group (n = 5), 0.02% mitomycin C (MMC) soaking group (n = 5), and MMP inhibitor (ilomastat) subconjunctival injection group (n = 5). Slit lamp examination with Seidel testing, pachymetry, and specular microscopy was performed preoperatively and postoperatively. The conjunctiva and ciliary body toxicity were evaluated with scores according to the pathologic grading systems. Electron microscopy was used to examine the structural changes in cornea, conjunctiva, and ciliary body. In the ilomastat-treated group, there was no statistically significant change in central corneal thickness preoperatively and at 28 days postoperatively (P = 0.655). There were also no significant changes in specular microscopy findings over the duration of the study in the ilomastat-treated group. The conjunctival toxicity score was 1 in the control group, 1.5 in the ilomastat-treated group, and 2 in the MMC-treated group. When assessing ciliary body toxicity scores, the ilomastat-treated group score was 0.5 and the MMC-treated group score was 1.5. Transmission electron microscopy did not show structural changes in the cornea and ciliary body whereas the structural changes were noticed in MMC group. A single subconjunctival injection of MMP inhibitor during the experimental trabeculectomy showed a less toxic affect in the rabbit cornea, conjunctiva, and ciliary body compared to MMC.
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© 2017 The Korean Academy of Medical Sciences.
- Matrix metalloproteinase inhibitor