Background: Seasonal Influenza is still considered associated with seasonal morbidity and hospitalization in the elderly population. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommended seasonal quadrivalent influenza vaccine (QIV) to reduce burden of two currently circulating influenza B lineages. Until 2019 Korean National Immunization Program (NIP) recommended trivalent influenza vaccine (TIV) after ongoing debates on cost effectiveness of QIV for elderly population. Although influenza vaccine only showed modest effect on reducing influenza in elderly, this study aimed to evaluate the immunogenicity and safety of inactivated QIV in healthy participants ≥ 65 years of age. Methods: A total of 274 healthy participants aged ≥ 65 years received a QIV. Seroconversion-based vaccine efficacy of 4 strains of seasonal influenza was assessed 21 days after vaccination and adverse events were monitored until 180 days after vaccination. Results: The percentages of participants seroconverted after vaccination on HI antibody against each strain were 36.5% (99/271) to A/H1N1, 47.6% (129/271) to A/H3N2, 40.6% (110/271) to B Yamagata, and 49.1% (133/271) to B Victoria. The percentages of participants seroprotected after vaccination on HI antibody against each strain were 81.2% (220/271) to A/H1N1, 98.5% (267/271) to A/H3N2, 95.2% (258/271) to B Yamagata, and 93.7% (254/271) to B Victoria. There was no serious adverse event (SAE) related with the study vaccine. Conclusion: The quadrivalent split influenza vaccine is expected to offer seroprotection against influenza A and both influenza B lineages even in the elderly population.
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - 16 Jun 2021|
- Quadrivalent Influenza Vaccine