Saccular Pathology Is Most Commonly Found in Patients With General Vestibular Disorders

Jeon Mi Lee, Hyun Jin Lee, Jungghi Kim, Seung Ho Shin, Gina Na, Dae Bo Shim, Sung Huhn Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Objectives. The first purpose of this study was to investigate the difference in the frequency of involvement of the superior vestibular nerve (SVN) and inferior vestibular nerve (IVN) territories in general vestibular disorders, and to identify which IVN territory was more commonly involved in patients with IVN lesions. The second purpose was to investigate the correlation of the degree of each saccular and posterior semicircular canal (PSCC) dysfunction, as represent-ed by the parameters of cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potential (cVEMP) and video head impulse test (vHIT), in patients with pathology of the IVN territory. Methods. In total, 346 patients with dizziness who underwent the caloric test, cVEMP, and vHIT were enrolled. Canal weak-ness in the caloric test, interaural amplitude difference (IAD) of cVEMP, and vestibulo-ocular reflex gain of the ves-tibulo-ocular reflex gain of the posterior semicircular canal (p-VOR) in vHIT were analyzed. Results. Among the enrolled patients, 15.6% had total vestibular nerve dysfunction, 14.5% had solely SVN dysfunction, and 29.5% had solely IVN dysfunction. Isolated saccular pathology was most common in patients with IVN patholo-gy, followed by those with total IVN dysfunction and PSCC dysfunction. IAD and p-VOR were statistically well cor-related, and the correlation was strongest in patients with both pathologic IAD and pathologic p-VOR (n=23, r=0.944), followed by patients with normal IAD and pathologic p-VOR (n=27, r=0.762) and patients with pathologic IAD and normal p-VOR (n=106, r=0.339). Conclusion. Abnormal results were more common in vestibular tests investigating the IVN than in vestibular tests investigating the SVN in patients with general vestibular disorders. Isolated saccular pathology was more frequent than PSCC or combined pathology in patients with IVN dysfunction. Patients with abnormal p-VOR in vHIT had a higher prob-ability of having both saccular and PSCC pathologies than patients with an abnormal IAD. This study describes the characteristics of vestibular-system subregions and provides guidance for clinically interpreting the combination of cVEMP and vHIT results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)213-219
Number of pages7
JournalClinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 by Korean Society of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery.


  • Dizziness
  • Head Impulse Test
  • Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potentials
  • Vestibular Nerve


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