Role of Treg and TH17 cells of the gastric mucosa in children with helicobacter pylori gastritis

Joo Hyun Gil, Jeong Wan Seo, Min Sun Cho, Jung Hyuck Ahn, Hye Youn Sung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to examine the expression of FOXP3, interleukin (IL)-10, transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1, IL-17A, and T helper 17 (TH17) cells/FOXP3+ regulatory T (Treg) cells balance in the gastric mucosa of children with Helicobacter pylori infection, in relation to the gastric histopathology. METHODS: Antral mucosal biopsies were obtained from 20 children with H pylori(+) gastritis and 20 age-and sex-matched normal controls. Histopathology was assessed by the updated Sydney classification. Gene expression of FOXP3, IL-10, and TGF-β1 was analyzed by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Immunohistochemical staining for FOXP3+ Treg and TH17 cells was performed. RESULTS: The gene expression levels of FOXP3, TGF-β1, and IL-10 messenger RNA (mRNA) and the number of FOXP3+ Treg were significantly higher in the H pylori(+) gastritis group than in the control group (P < 0.01). FOXP3 mRNA levels were correlated positively with TGF-β1 and IL-10 mRNA levels in the H pylori(+) gastritis group (P < 0.05). Furthermore, FOXP3 mRNA levels were correlated positively with the bacterial density, infiltration of polymorphonuclear cells, and mononuclear cells in the H pylori(+) gastritis group (P < 0.05). The number of T H17 cells was significantly higher in the H pylori(+) gastritis group than in the control group (P < 0.05). In addition, the number of T H17 cells was correlated negatively with the bacterial density and positively with the inflammatory scores of polymorphonuclear cells and mononuclear cells in the H pylori(+) gastritis group (P < 0.05). A negative correlation between the TH17 cells/FOXP3+ Treg ratio and the bacterial density was demonstrated in the H pylori(+) gastritis group (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: This study suggested that a TH17/T reg balance toward a Treg-biased response favors the persistence of bacteria, causing chronic active gastritis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)245-251
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Volume58
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2014

Keywords

  • Child
  • FOXP3
  • Helicobacter pylori
  • interleukin-17
  • regulatory T cells

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