We previously demonstrated the protective effect of inducible heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) against gamma radiation. Herein, we extend our studies on the possible role of Hsp70 to ionizing radiation-induced cell cycle regulation. The growth rate of inducible hsp70-transfected cells was 2-3 hours slower than that of control cells. Flow cytometric analysis of cells at G1 phase synchronized by serum starvation also showed the growth delay in the Hsp70-overexpressing cells. In addition, reduced cyclin D1 and Cdc2 levels and increased dephosphorylated phosphoretinoblastoma (pRb) were observed in inducible hsp70-transfected cells, which were probably responsible for the reduction of cell growth. To find out if inducible Hsp70-mediated growth delay affected radiation-induced cell cycle regulation, flow cytometric and molecular analyses of cell cycle regulatory proteins and their kinase were performed. The radiation-induced G2/M arrest was found to be inhibited by Hsp70 overexpression and reduced p21Waf induction and its kinase activity by radiation in the Hsp70-transfected cells. In addition, radiation-induced cyclin A or B1 expressions together with their kinase activities were also inhibited by inducible Hsp70, which represented reduced mitotic cell death. Indeed, hsp70 transfectants showed less induction of radiation-induced apoptosis. When treated with nocodazole, radiation-induced mitotic arrest was inhibited by inducible Hsp70. These results strongly suggested that inducible Hsp70 modified growth delay (increased G1 phase) and reduced G2/M phase arrest, subsequently resulting in inhibition of radiation-induced cell death.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Cell Stress and Chaperones|
|State||Published - 2001|