Robust protective effects of a novel multimodal neuroprotectant oxopropanoyloxy benzoic acid (a salicylic acid/pyruvate ester) in the postischemic brain

Seung Woo Kim, Hyun Ji Kim, Joo Hyun Shin, Il Doo Kim, Jung Eun Lee, Pyung Lim Han, Sung Hwa Yoon, Ja Kyeong Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cerebral ischemia leads to brain injury via a complex series of pathophysiological events. Therefore, multidrug treatments or multitargeting drug treatments are attractive options in efficiently limiting brain damage. Here, we report a novel multifunctional compound oxopropanoyloxy benzoic acid (OBA-09), a simple ester of pyruvate and salicylic acid. This protective effect was manifested by recoveries from neurological and behavioral deficits. OBA-09 exhibited antioxidative effects in the postischemic brain, which was evidenced by remarkable reduction of lipid peroxidation and 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal staining in OBA-09-administered animals. Reactive oxygen species generation was markedly suppressed in primary cortical cultures under oxygen-glucose deprivation. More interestingly, OBA-09 was capable of scavenging hydroxyl radical in cell-free assays. High-performance liquid chromatography results demonstrated that OBA-09 was hydrolyzed to salicylic acid and pyruvate with t1/2 = 43 min in serum and 4.2 h in brain parenchyma, indicating that antioxidative function of OBA-09 is executed by itself and also by salicylic acid after the hydrolysis. In addition to antioxidative function, OBA-09 exerts anti-excitotoxic and anti-Zn2+-toxic functions, which might be attributed to attenuation of ATP and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide depletion and to the suppression of nuclear factor-κB activity induction. Together these results indicate that OBA-09 has a potent therapeutic potential as a multimodal neuroprotectant in the postischemic brain and these effects were conferred by OBA-09 itself and subsequently its hydrolyzed products.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)220-228
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular Pharmacology
Volume79
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2011

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