Purpose: This study aimed to determine the risk factors for palbociclib-induced grade 4 or grade 3 neutropenia (NP) requiring dose reduction or delayed treatment in patients with HR+/HER2−metastatic breast cancer in the first 3 cycles (early grade 3/4 NP) and whether the early developing grade 3/4 NP affects progression-free survival. Methods: A retrospective study using electronic medical records was conducted on patients who received palbociclib for metastatic breast cancer between January 2018 and August 2022. The early grade 3/4 NP risk factors were evaluated with univariate and multivariable logistic regression analyses. In addition, the Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate the median progression-free survival (PFS) to analyze the effect of early grade 3/4 NP on treatment. Results: Out of the 264 patients included in this study, 173 (65.6%) experienced early grade 3/4 NP. A total of four models were applied for multivariable analysis to identify early grade 3/4 NP-developing factors. Low baseline ANC, WBC, PLT, and BSA were significant risk factors for early grade 3/4 NP; baseline ANC < 3700/mm3, WBC < 6.30 × 109/mm3, PLT < 230 × 109/mm3, and BSA < 1.58 m2 increased the risk by approximately 4.0-fold, 3.7–4.0-fold, 2.1-fold, and 2.0-fold, respectively. Early grade 3/4 NP did not affect PFS (p = 0.710), although patients with early grade 3/4 NP had more frequent dose reductions or treatment delays. Conclusions: Based on the results, low baseline ANC, WBC, PLT, and BSA were associated with early grade 3/4 NP. Patients with risk factors require careful monitoring, and this study is expected to help predict NP, which may appear in early treatment.
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© 2023 by the authors.
- CDK4/6 inhibitor
- metastatic breast cancer