Rhizoremediation of diesel-contaminated soil using the plant growth-promoting rhizobacterium Gordonia sp. S2RP-17

Sun Hwa Hong, Hee Wook Ryu, Jaisoo Kim, Kyung Suk Cho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

69 Scopus citations

Abstract

A plant growth-promoting rhizobacterium (PGPR) was isolated and identified as Gordonia sp. S2RP-17, which showed ACC deaminase and siderophore synthesizing activities. Its maximum specific growth rate was 0.54 ± 0.12 d-1 at 5,000 mg L-1 of total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH), and its maximum diesel degradation rate was 2,434.0 ± 124.4 mg L-1 d-1 at 20,000 mg L-1 of TPH. The growth of Zea mays was significantly promoted by the inoculation of Gordonia sp. S2RP-17 in the diesel-contaminated soil. Measured TPH removal efficiencies by various means were 13% by natural attenuation, 84.5% by planting Zea mays, and 95.8% by the combination of Zea mays and Gordonia sp. S2RP-17. The S2RP-17 cell counts were maintained at 1 × 106 CFU g-soil-1 during the remediation period, although they slightly decreased from their initial numbers (2.94 × 107 CFU g-soil-1). These results indicate that rhizoremediation using both Zea mays and Gordonia sp. S2RP-17 is a promising strategy for enhancing remediation efficiency of diesel-contaminated soils.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)593-601
Number of pages9
JournalBiodegradation
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2011

Keywords

  • Diesel-contaminated soil
  • Gordonia sp.
  • Plant growth-promoting rhizobacterium
  • Rhizoremediation
  • Zea mays

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