Revisiting the virginia tech shootings: An ecological systems analysis

Jun Sung Hong, Hyunkag Cho, Shiulain Lee Alvin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


School shooting cases since the late 1990s have prompted school officials and legislators to develop and implement programs and measures that would prevent violence in school. Despite the number of explanations by the media, politicians, organizations, and researchers about the etiology of school shootings, we are not united in our understanding of the risk factors, particularly those relevant to racial minorities and immigrants. This article examines the Virginia Tech shooting incident using Bronfenbrenner's ecological systems theory. We assess a number of risk factors that operate within five system levels (the micro, meso, exo, macro, and chrono systems) and draw implications for assessment and intervention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)561-575
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Loss and Trauma
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2010


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