Review of MXenes as new nanomaterials for energy storage/delivery and selected environmental applications

Byung Moon Jun, Sewoon Kim, Jiyong Heo, Chang Min Park, Namguk Her, Min Jang, Yi Huang, Jonghun Han, Yeomin Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

371 Scopus citations


Energy and environmental issues presently attract a great deal of scientific attention. Recently, two-dimensional MXenes and MXene-based nanomaterials have attracted increasing interest because of their unique properties (e.g., remarkable safety, a very large interlayer spacing, environmental flexibility, a large surface area, and thermal conductivity). In 2011, multilayered MXenes (Ti3C2Tx, a new family of two-dimensional (2D) materials) produced by etching an A layer from a MAX phase of Ti3AlC2, were first described by researchers at Drexel University. The term “MXene” was coined to distinguish this new family of 2D materials from graphene, and applies to both the original MAX phases and MXenes fabricated from them. We present a comprehensive review of recent studies on energy and environmental applications of MXene and MXene-based nanomaterials, including energy conversion and storage, adsorption, membrane, photocatalysis, and antimicrobial. Future research needs are discussed briefly with current challenges that must be overcome before we completely understand the extraordinary properties of MXene and MXene-based nanomaterials. [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)471-487
Number of pages17
JournalNano Research
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018, Tsinghua University Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.


  • MXene-based nanomaterials
  • MXenes
  • applications
  • energy storage
  • environment


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