Reversible inactivation of the tumor suppressor PTEN by H2O2

Seung Rock Lee, Kap Seok Yang, Jaeyul Kwon, Chunghee Lee, Woojin Jeong, Sue Goo Rhee

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The tumor suppressor PTEN regulates cell migration, growth, and survival by removing the 3′-phosphate of phosphoinositides. Exposure of purified PTEN or of cells to H2O2 resulted in inactivation of PTEN in a time-and H2O2 concentration-dependent manner. Analysis of various cysteine mutants, including mass spectrometry of tryptic peptides, indicated that the essential Cys124 residue in the active site of PTEN specifically forms a disulfide with Cys71 during oxidation by H2O2. The reduction of H2O2-oxidized PTEN in cells appears to be mediated predominantly by thioredoxin. Thus, thioredoxin was more efficient than glutaredoxin, glutathione, or a 14-kDa thioredoxin-like protein with regard to the reduction of oxidized PTEN in vitro. Thioredoxin co-immunoprecipitated with PTEN from cell lysates; and incubation of cells with 2,4-dinitro-1-chlorobenzene (an inhibitor of thioredoxin reductase) delayed the reduction of oxidized PTEN, whereas incubation with buthioninesulfoximine (an inhibitor of glutathione biosynthesis) did not. These results suggest that the reversible inactivation of PTEN by H2O2 might be important for the accumulation of 3′-phosphorylated phosphoinositides and that the uncontrolled generation of H2O2 associated with certain pathological conditions might contribute to cell proliferation by inhibiting PTEN function.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20336-20342
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number23
StatePublished - 7 Jun 2002


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