OBJECTIVE: In the application of nalysedd controlled trial data for intensive blood pressure (BP) control into clinical practice, the corresponding BPs among office, home, and ambulatory BPs were suggested to be similar if achieved clinic systolic BP (SBP) become 130 mmHg or lower. But the magnitude and its clinical implication of reversed white-coat effect (WCE) was not clearly reported. DESIGN AND METHOD: From the 1843 data of treated hypertension patients in Korean ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (Kor-ABP) registry, WCE were calculated according to the range of achieved clinic SBPs, < 120 mmHg (group1), 120~130 mmHg (group2), 130-140 mmHg (group3), and > = 140 mmHg (group4). The factors related to WCE were nalysed using multivariable regression analysis. WCE was defined by clinic SBP minus daytime ambulatory SBP. RESULTS: Mean age was 59 years and the proportion of female was 55%. Significant factors for the WCE were BMI (beta = -0.342), smoking (beta = -3.394), good sleep quality (beta = 0.872 per each 4 point likert scale), and clinic SBP(beta = 0.578). Mean SBPs for group 1 to 4 were 111.4 mmHg, 124.0 mmHg, 134.1 mmHg, and 157.5 mmHg, respectively. WCEs for the group were -8.3 mmHg for group1, -4.5 mmHg for group2, -1.9 mmHg for group3, and 9.9 mmHg for group4. The difference in WCEs between the group 4 and untreated hypertension patients (SBP, 155.6 +/-13.6) was not statistically significant (9.9 +/- 16.1 mmHg 9.0 +/-16.8, p = 0.2). CONCLUSIONS: Reverse WCE should be considered to estimate the safety of intensive BP control when SBP lowered below 120 mmHg. The presence of reverse WCE instead of WCE highlights more reassuring aspect than previously thought when the patient is asymptomatic or tolerable.
|Journal||Journal of Hypertension|
|State||Published - 1 Jun 2022|