Retention Rates and Successful Treatment with Antiseizure Medications in Newly-Diagnosed Epilepsy Patients

Sungeun Hwang, Hyungmi An, Dong Woo Shin, Hyang Woon Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Treatment for epilepsy primarily involves antiseizure medications (ASMs), which can be characterized using the clinical data warehouse (CDW) database. In this study, we compared retention rates and time to successful treatment for various ASMs to reflect both efficacy and adverse effects in patients with newly diagnosed epilepsy. Materials and Methods: We identified newly diagnosed epilepsy patients with ASM treatment for more than 12 months using CDW of a tertiary referral hospital. Clinical characteristics were compared between groups with successful and unsuccessful treatment. Cox regression analysis was performed to evaluate independent variables of age, sex, comorbidities, and attributes of ASM regimens. Results: Of 2515 eligible participants, 46.2% were successfully treated with the first ASM regimen, and 74.7% with all ASM regimens with the median time-to-treatment success of 14 months. Participants with second-generation ASM as the first ASM were more like-ly to be successfully treated with the first regimen compared to those with first-generation ASM (51.6% vs. 42.3%, p<0.001) and more successfully treated [hazard ratio (HR)=1.26; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.15–1.39]. Overall, valproic acid was the most common ASM across a wide range of ages under 65 years, while levetiracetam in patients aged over 65 years or lamotrigine in female adult patients. Clinical factors associated with less favorable treatment outcomes included renal disease (HR=0.78; 95% CI: 0.66–0.92), liver disease (HR=0.65; 95% CI: 0.52–0.81), depression (HR=0.70; 95% CI: 0.57–0.84), and mechanical ventilation (HR=0.58; 95% CI: 0.50–0.67). Conclusion: Second-generation ASMs have the advantage of more successful treatment with fewer ASM regimen changes compared with first-generation drugs. Various comorbid conditions as well as age and sex should be considered when selecting ASMs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)89-97
Number of pages9
JournalYonsei Medical Journal
Volume65
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Yonsei University College of Medicine 2024.

Keywords

  • Epilepsy
  • seizure
  • treatment outcome

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