Resveratrol Ameliorates Tau Hyperphosphorylation at Ser396 Site and Oxidative Damage in Rat Hippocampal Slices Exposed to Vanadate: Implication of ERK1/2 and GSK-3β Signaling Cascades

Kyoung A. Jhang, Jin Sun Park, Hee Sun Kim, Young Hae Chong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of resveratrol (a natural polyphenolic phytostilbene) on tau hyperphosphorylation and oxidative damage induced by sodium orthovanadate (Na3VO4), the prevalent species of vanadium (vanadate), in rat hippocampal slices. Our results showed that resveratrol significantly inhibited Na3VO4-induced hyperphosphorylation of tau at the Ser396 (p-S396-tau) site, which is upregulated in the hippocampus of Alzheimer's disease (AD) brains and principally linked to AD-associated cognitive dysfunction. Subsequent mechanistic studies revealed that reduction of ERK1/2 activation was involved in the inhibitory effect of resveratrol by inhibiting the ERK1/2 pathway with SL327 mimicking the aforementioned effect of resveratrol. Moreover, resveratrol potently induced GSK-3β Ser9 phosphorylation and reduced Na3VO4-induced p-S396-tau levels, which were markedly replicated by pharmacologic inhibition of GSK-3β with LiCl. These results indicate that resveratrol could suppress Na3VO4-induced p-S396-tau levels via downregulating ERK1/2 and GSK-3β signaling cascades in rat hippocampal slices. In addition, resveratrol diminished the increased extracellular reactive oxygen species generation and hippocampal toxicity upon long-term exposure to Na3VO4 or FeCl2. Our findings strongly support the notion that resveratrol may serve as a potential nutraceutical agent for AD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9626-9634
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Volume65
Issue number44
DOIs
StatePublished - 8 Nov 2017

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • oxidative damage
  • p-S396-tau
  • resveratrol
  • vanadate

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