Resolved Proteinuria May Attenuate the Risk of Heart Failure: A Nationwide Population-Based Cohort Study

Yoonkyung Chang, Min Kyoung Kang, Moo Seok Park, Gwang Hyun Leem, Tae Jin Song

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Although proteinuria is a risk factor for heart failure (HF), proteinuria can be reversible or persistent. Our objective was to explore the link between changes in the proteinuria status and the risk of HF. We included participants from a Korean national health screening cohort who underwent health examinations in 2003–2004 and 2005–2006 and had no history of HF. Participants were categorized into four groups: proteinuria-free, proteinuria-resolved, proteinuria-developed, and proteinuria-persistent. The outcome of interest was the occurrence of HF. The study included 1,703,651 participants, among whom 17,543 (1.03%) were in the proteinuria-resolved group and 4585 (0.27%) were in the proteinuria-persistent group. After a median follow-up period of 14.04 years (interquartile range 14.19–15.07), HF occurred in 75,064 (4.41%) participants. A multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression analysis indicated that the proteinuria-persistent group had a higher risk of HF compared with the proteinuria-free group (hazard ratio (HR): 2.19, 95% confidence interval (CI): 2.03–2.36, p < 0.001). In a further pairwise comparison analysis, participants in the proteinuria-resolved group had a relatively low risk of HF compared with those in the proteinuria-persistent group (HR: 0.64, 95% CI: 0.58–0.70, p < 0.001). In conclusion, the risk of HF can change with alterations in the proteinuria status.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1662
JournalJournal of Personalized Medicine
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 by the authors.


  • dipstick test
  • epidemiology
  • heart failure
  • proteinuria
  • urinalysis


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