Reproducibility of a food frequency questionnaire: Korea Nurses' Health Study

Sihan Song, Bohye Kim, Yanghee Pang, Oksoo Kim, Jung Eun Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the reproducibility of food frequency questionnaires (FFQs) designed for young female nurses in the Korea Nurses' Health Study. SUBJECTS/METHODS: The reproducibility of web-based, self-administered FFQs was evaluated among 243 Korean female nurses. The first FFQ (FFQ1) was administered from March 2014 to February 2019 and the second FFQ (FFQ2) from November 2019, with a mean interval of 2.8 years between the FFQs (range, 9 months–5.6 years). Pearson and Spearman correlation coefficients (r values) and quartile agreements between FFQ1 and FFQ2 were calculated for intakes of energy, nutrients, and foods. RESULTS: Pearson correlation coefficients ranged from 0.41 to 0.55 (median r = 0.51) for energy and raw nutrients and from 0.16 to 0.46 (median r = 0.36) for energy-adjusted nutrients. Spearman correlation coefficients ranged from 0.25 to 0.72 (median r = 0.41) for food items. The percentages of women who were classified into the same or adjacent quartile were 77% to 84% (median = 82%) for raw nutrients and 69% to 86% (median = 78%) for foods. CONCLUSIONS: The results indicated that the web-based FFQ used in the Korea Nurses' Health Study has acceptable reproducibility.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)106-119
Number of pages14
JournalNutrition Research and Practice
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Research Program funded by the Korea National Institute of Health (2013-E63006-00, 2013-E63006-01, 2019-ER710-100, 2019-ER710-102).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Korean Nutrition Society and the Korean Society of Community Nutrition.


  • Food frequency questionnaire
  • Korea Nurses' Health Study
  • Reproducibility


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