Background and aims: Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) and entecavir (ETV) have been recommended after liver transplantation to prevent recurrence of hepatitis B virus infection. Despite its proven efficacy, the renal safety of TDF has not been established in liver transplant recipients. We aimed to compare the effects of TDF and ETV on renal function in liver transplant recipients and to evaluate risk factors for renal dysfunction after liver transplantation. Methods: This is a retrospective, observational multicenter study of data from the Korean Organ Transplantation Registry. We included adults who underwent liver transplantation for hepatitis B virus-related complications from April 2014 to December 2017 and received TDF or ETV post-transplantation. Renal dysfunction was defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate decline by at least 20% from baseline (1 month post-transplantation). Median duration of follow-up was 29 months (interquartile range 19–42). Results: A total of 804 liver transplant patients were included. The cumulative probability of renal dysfunction was significantly higher in the TDF group than in the ETV group. Multivariable analysis confirmed that TDF was independently associated with an increased risk of renal dysfunction (hazard ratio = 1.47, 95% confidence interval 1.12–1.92; p = 0.005). Independent risk factors for renal dysfunction included older age, worse baseline renal function, and low body mass index. Overall survival rate was significantly lower in patients with renal dysfunction than in those without. Conclusions: In this nationwide study, the use of TDF was associated with an increased risk of renal dysfunction, when compared with ETV.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by a fund (#2014-ER6301-00, 2014-ER6301-01, 2014-ER6301-02, 2017-ER6301-00, 2017-ER6301-01) by the Research of Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Agency.
© 2022, Asian Pacific Association for the Study of the Liver.
- Hepatitis B virus
- Liver transplantation
- Renal dysfunction