In this study, the characterizations and adsorption efficiencies for chromium, copper and nickel were evaluated using manufacture-grade Fe2O3-carbon foam. SEM, XRD, XRF and BET analyses were performed to determine the characteristics of the material. Various pore sizes (12–420 μm) and iron contents (3.62%) were found on the surface of the Fe2O3-carbon foam. Fe2O3-carbon foam was found to have excellent adsorption efficiency compared to carbon foam for mixed solutions of cationic and anionic heavy metals. The adsorption capacities for chromium, copper and nickel were 6.7, 3.8 and 6.4 mg/g, respectively, which were obtained using a dual exponential adsorption model. In experiments with varying dosages of the Fe2O3 powder, no notable differences were observed in the removal efficiency. In a fixed-bed column test, Fe2O3-carbon foam achieved adsorption capacities for chromium, copper and nickel of 33.0, 12.0 and 9.5 mg/g, respectively, after 104 h. Based on these results, Fe2O3-carbon foam was observed to be a promising material for treatment of plating wastewater.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research is supported by the Korean Ministry of Environment (MOE) as an “Advanced Technology Program for Environmental Industry” (Grant no. 2014000150018 ), the National Research Foundation of Korea Grant funded by the Korean Government (2016, University-Institute cooperation program) and the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) and the Center for Women In Science, Engineering and Technology (WISET No. 2016-157 ) Grant funded by the Ministry of Science.
© 2016 Elsevier Ltd
- FeO-carbon foam
- Heavy metals
- Metal plating wastewater