The editors of Communication Research, Drs. Gibbs and Knobloch-Westerwick, wish to issue this notification of redundant publication regarding an article that Communication Research has published online on October 28, 2014 as doi: 10.1177/0093650214554613 (never published in print). This article, “The Effects of Avatar Stereotypes and Cognitive Load on Virtual Interpersonal Attraction: Mediation Effects of Perceived Trust and Reversed Perceptions Under Cognitive Load,” by Jorge Peña and Seung-Chul Yoo, was first submitted to Communication Research on July 11, 2012 and accepted for publication on April 4, 2014. Subsequently, on May 30, 2014, Jorge Peña and Seung-Chul Yoo published an article that is based on the same experiment and data set as the abovementioned article in Presence, titled “Under Pressure: Avatar Appearance and Cognitive Load Effects on Attitudes, Trustworthiness, Bidding, and Interpersonal Distance in a Virtual Store” (doi:10.1162/PRES_a_00166). The Peña and Yoo articles in Presence and Communication Research are highly redundant in their contribution. We, the editors of Communication Research, have examined the two articles and conferred with the corresponding contributor, Dr. Peña, on the matter. The two pieces utilize different dependent variables that are, however, extremely similar. They are nearly identical in their findings and present substantially overlapping material. Because the findings in the two articles could have easily been presented in one publication, we see this as a case of fragmented (“piecemeal” or “salami”) publication. Drawing on the guidance on publication ethics from various academic associations and the Committee on Publication Ethics, we consider the article in Communication Research a covert redundant publication; the authors failed to acknowledge any other articles reporting data from the same data set in their initial correspondence with the journal editorial office or through a citation in the manuscript. Dr. Peña suggested that Dr. Yoo should be explicitly exculpated from the matter because Dr. Yoo was a graduate student at the time of submission. Dr. Peña wishes to bear the entire responsibility for this matter. We have contacted the editors of Presence to inform them of this redundant publication.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2014.