Reduction of perchlorate by salt tolerant bacterial consortia

Hee Wook Ryu, Seong Jin Nor, Kyung Eun Moon, Kyung Suk Cho, Daniel K. Cha, Kang In Rhee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Two perchlorate-reducing bacterial consortia (PRBC) were obtained by enrichment cultures from polluted marine sediments. Non-salt-tolerant PRBC (N-PRBC) was enriched without the addition of NaCl, and salt tolerant-PRBC (ST-PRBC) was enriched with 30g-NaClL -1. Although the perchlorate reduction rates decreased with increasing NaCl concentration, ST-PRBC (resp., N-PRBC) could reduce perchlorate until 75g-NaClL -1 (resp., 30g-NaClL -1). The reduction yield (1.34±0.05mg-perchlorate per mg-acetate) and maximum perchlorate reduction rate (86mg-perchlorateL -1h -1) of ST-PRBC was higher than those (1.16±0.03mg-perchlorate per mg-acetate and 48mg-perchlorateL -1h -1) of N-PRBC. Kinetic analysis showed that NaCl acted as an uncompetitive inhibitor against both PRBCs. The inhibition constants were 25 and 41mg-NaClL -1 for N-PRBC and ST-PRBC, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)279-285
Number of pages7
JournalBioresource Technology
Volume103
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2012

Keywords

  • Perchlorate-reducing bacteria
  • Salt tolerance
  • Uncompetitive inhibition

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