Reduction of ammonia and volatile organic compounds from food waste-composting facilities using a novel anti-clogging biofilter system

Hee Wook Ryu, Kyung Suk Cho, Tae Ho Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

The performance of a pilot-scale anti-clogging biofilter system (ABS) was evaluated over a period of 125days for treating ammonia and volatile organic compounds emitted from a full-scale food waste-composting facility. The pilot-scale ABS was designed to intermittently and automatically remove excess biomass using an agitator. When the pressure drop in the polyurethane filter bed was increased to a set point (50mm H2O m-1), due to excess biomass acclimation, the agitator automatically worked by the differential pressure switch, without biofilter shutdown. A high removal efficiency (97-99%) was stably maintained for the 125days after an acclimation period of 1week, even thought the inlet gas concentrations fluctuated from 0.16 to 0.55gm-3. Due the intermittent automatic agitation of the filter bed, the biomass concentration and pressure drop in the biofilter were maintained within the ranges of 1.1-2.0g-DCW gPU-1 and below 50mm H2O m-1, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4654-4660
Number of pages7
JournalBioresource Technology
Volume102
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2011

Keywords

  • Agitation
  • Ammonia
  • Anti-Clogging
  • Biofilter
  • Volatile organic compounds

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