Redox regulation of the tumor suppressor PTEN by the thioredoxin system and cumene hydroperoxide

Seong Jeong Han, Ying Zhang, Inyoung Kim, Kee Oh Chay, Hyun Joong Yoon, Dong Il Jang, Sung Yeul Yang, Jiyoung Park, Hyun Ae Woo, Iha Park, Seung Rock Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Intracellular redox status influences the oxidation and enzyme activity of the tumor suppressor phosphatase and tensin homolog on chromosome 10 (PTEN). Cumene hydroperoxide (CuHP), an organic hydroperoxide, is a known tumor promoter. However, molecular targets and action mechanism of CuHP in tumor promotion have not been well characterized. In this study, we investigated the effect of CuHP on the redox state of PTEN in HeLa cells. In addition, the intracellular reducing system of oxidized PTEN was analyzed using a biochemical approach and the effect of CuHP on this reducing system was also analyzed. While PTEN oxidized by hydrogen peroxide is progressively converted to its reduced form, PTEN was irreversibly oxidized by exposure to CuHP in HeLa cells. A combination of protein fractionation and mass analysis showed that the reducing system of PTEN was comprised of NADPH, thioredoxin reductase (TrxR), and thioredoxin (Trx). Although CuHP-mediated PTEN oxidation was not reversible in cells, CuHP-oxidized PTEN was reactivated by the exogenous Trx system, indicating that the cellular Trx redox system for PTEN is inactivated by CuHP. We present evidence that PTEN oxidation and the concomitant inhibition of thioredoxin by CuHP results in irreversible oxidation of PTEN in HeLa cells. In addition, ablation of peroxiredoxin (Prdx) enhanced CuHP-induced PTEN oxidation in cells. These results provide a new line of evidence that PTEN might be a crucial determinant of cell fate in response to cellular oxidative stress induced by organic hydroperoxides.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)277-286
Number of pages10
JournalFree Radical Biology and Medicine
Volume112
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2017

Keywords

  • Cumene hydroperoxide
  • PTEN
  • Reactive oxygen species
  • Redox signaling
  • Thioredoxin

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