Recombinant baculovirus-based vaccine expressing M2 protein induces protective CD8+ T-cell immunity against respiratory syncytial virus infection

Jeong Yoon Lee, Jun Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is an important cause of acute lower respiratory tract disease in infants, young children, immunocompromised individuals, and the elderly. However, despite ongoing efforts to develop an RSV vaccine, there is still no authorized RSV vaccine for humans. Baculovirus has attracted attention as a vaccine vector because of its ability to induce a high level of humoral and cellular immunity, low cytotoxicity against various antigens, and biological safety for humans. In this study, we constructed a recombinant baculovirus- based vaccine expressing the M2 protein of RSV under the control of cytomegalovirus promoter (Bac_RSVM2) to induce CD8+ T-cell responses which play an important role in viral clearance, and investigated its protective efficacy against RSV infection. Immunization with Bac_RSVM2 via intranasal or intramuscular route effectively elicited the specific CD8+ T-cell responses. Most notably, immunization with Bac_RSVM2 vaccine almost completely protected mice from RSV challenge without vaccine-enhanced immunopathology. In conclusion, these results suggest that Bac_RSVM2 vaccine employing the baculovirus delivery platform has promising potential to be developed as a safe and novel RSV vaccine that provides protection against RSV infection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)900-908
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Microbiology
Volume55
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2017

Keywords

  • cd8 t cells
  • m2 protein
  • recombinant baculovirus
  • respiratory syncytial virus
  • vaccine

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