An effective strategy to engineer selective photodynamic agents to surmount bacterial-infected diseases, especially Gram-positive bacteria remains a great challenge. Herein, we developed two examples of compounds for a proof-of-concept study where reactive differences in reactive oxygen species (ROS) can induce selective ablation of Gram-positive bacteria. Sulfur-replaced phenoxazinium (NBS-N) mainly generates a superoxide anion radical capable of selectively killing Gram-positive bacteria, while selenium-substituted phenoxazinium (NBSe-N) has a higher generation of singlet oxygen that can kill both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. This difference was further evidenced by bacterial fluorescence imaging and morphological changes. Moreover, NBS-N can also successfully heal the Gram-positive bacteria-infected wounds in mice. We believe that such reactive differences may pave a general way to design selective photodynamic agents for ablating Gram-positive bacteria-infected diseases.
|Journal||Angewandte Chemie - International Edition|
|State||Published - 19 Apr 2022|
- Antibacterial Agents
- Gram-Positive Bacteria
- Photodynamic Therapy
- Reactivity Difference
- Selective Ablation