Transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) promotes tissue fibrosis by upregulating genes encoding extracellular matrix proteins and by increasing the synthesis of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1). TGF-β1 induces cellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and PAI-1 promoter region has binding sites for redox sensitive transcription factors. We, therefore, hypothesized that TGF-β1-induced upregulation of PAI-1 is ROS-dependent. Using cultured glomerular mesangial cells, we confirmed that TGF-β1 induces cellular ROS, upregulates PAI-1 mRNA and protein expression, and suppresses plasmin activity. We further demonstrated that H2O2 stimulates PAI-1 expression and suppresses plasmin activity and that N-acetylcysteine effectively reverses TGF-β1- and H2O2-induced changes in PAI-1 expression and plasmin activity. Basal as well as TGF-β1- and H2O2-induced PAI-1 expression was upregulated by depletion of intracellular GSH. The present data demonstrate that TGF-β1-induced PAI-1 in mesangial cells is ROS-dependent and imply that cellular ROS may be potential therapeutic targets in glomerular fibrosis.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - 3 Oct 2003|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by a grant from Korea Research Foundation (KRF 1999-005-F00025).
- Extracellular matrix
- Mesangial expansion
- Oxidative stress
- Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1
- Reactive oxygen species
- Renal fibrosis
- Signaling pathway
- Transforming growth factor-β1