Rapid fault cause identification in surface mount technology processes based on factory-wide data analysis

Dongil Kim, Jeongin Koo, Hyein Kim, Seokho Kang, Sang Hyun Lee, Jeong Tae Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Surface mount technology is an important process in modern electronic circuit manufacturing. Quality control problems have arisen in this area because of the increased design and processing complexity of electronic circuits. Identifying the cause of a fault shortly after its occurrence is critical; however, human fault analysis is inaccurate and time-consuming. Here, we propose a data analysis method that provides actionable information that can easily be interpreted to facilitate rapid identification of fault cause in surface mount technology. The proposed method divides each input variable into a certain number of partitions, and then, the proportion of faults in a partition is calculated in comparison to the proportion of faults in the entire data set. The analytical results are provided to the user with a list that includes the fault causes and a corresponding density histogram for visualization. Real-world surface mount technology data were employed for a case study, in which raw data were preprocessed into an integrated data set consisting of 14,847 rows and 12,929 columns. The proposed method showed reasonable results in approximately 65 s, and the visualization of the results provided a suitable basis for intuitive interpretation, thus demonstrating the method’s ability to generate an efficient analysis in a practical application.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This work was supported by funding from Chungnam National University. This work was also supported in part by the Yura Co., Ltd. (2018-0280-01), Korea Institute of Industrial Technology (2018-1348-01), and the Industry Core Technology Development Program (10073136) funded by the Ministry of Trade, Industry, and Energy of Korea (MOTIE).

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2019.


  • Data mining
  • fault analysis
  • fault cause identification
  • smart manufacturing
  • surface mount technology


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