Peroxidases of the peroxiredoxin (Prx) family catalyze the reduction of H2O2 and lipid peroxides. The effects of H2O2, 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate (TPA), and silica on the abundance of two cytosolic isoforms of Prx (PrxI and PrxII) were examined in Rat2 cells. TPA induces the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in various mammalian cell types, and silica induces the production of ROS in Rat2 cells. Whereas H2O2 and TPA did not affect the concentration of PrxI or PrxII, silica triggered a rapid degradation of both Prx enzymes. Silica also induced degradation of the NF-κB inhibitor IκB-α. N-Acetylcysteine and diphenyleneiodonium, both of which inhibit the accumulation of intracellular ROS, each blocked silica-induced degradation of IκB-α but had no effect on that of the Prx enzymes, suggesting that ROS do not contribute to Prx proteolysis. The silica-induced degradation of Prx enzymes was also insensitive to the proteasome inhibitors MG132 and lactacystin, whereas IκB-α proteolysis was completely blocked by these inhibitors. Experiments with the Ca2+ ionophore A23187 indicated that a Ca2+-dependent protease such as calpain might contribute substantially to silica-induced degradation of PrxII, but only moderately to that of PrxI. These results indicate that silica increases cellular oxidative stress not only by inducing ROS production, but also by triggering the degradation of Prx enzymes that are responsible for elimination of cellular ROS. Such aggravated oxidative stress might be important in the initial pathogenesis of silica-associated pulmonary diseases.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - 19 Nov 1999|