Here, we report an analysis method for determining PHA (polyhydroxyalkanoates) contents and their monomer composition in microbial cells based on pyrolysis gas chromatography combined with mass spectrometry (Py-GC/MS). Various kinds of microbial cells accumulating different PHA contents and monomer compositions were prepared through the cultivation of Ralstonia eutropha and recombinant Escherichia coli. Py-GC/MS could analyse these samples in a short time without complicated pretreatment steps. Characteristic peaks such as 2-butenoic acid, 2-pentenoic acid, and hexadecanoic acid regarding PHA compositions and cell components were identified. Considering constituents of cells and ratios of peak areas of dehydrated monomers to hexadecanoic acid, a simple equation for estimation of PHA contents in microbial cells was derived. Also, monomer compositions of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) in R. eutropha could be successfully determined based on peak area of 2-butenoic acid and 2-pentenoic acid of Py-GC/MS, which are the corresponding species of 3-hydroxybutyrate (3HB) and 3-hydroxyvalerate (3HV) in PHBV. Correlation of results between GC-FID and Py-GC/MS could be fitted very well. This method shows similar results for the samples obtained from same experimental conditions, allowing rapid and reliable analysis. Py-GC/MS can be a promising tool to rapidly screen PHA-positive strains based on polymer contents along with monomer compositions.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||International Journal of Biological Macromolecules|
|State||Published - 31 Mar 2021|