To assess the role of 8-oxoguanine glycosylase (OGG1) in the cell defense against radiation injury, the radiation-induced cytotoxicities were compared between the mutant type KG-1 featuring a loss of OGG1 activity due to a homozygous mutation of Arg 229 Gln, and the wild type U937. While the following three obvious toxicities were displayed in KG-1, they were observed only minimally in U937. These were: a dramatic arrest at the G2/M phase indicated by a marked increase in both the number of G2/M cells and the expression of cyclin B1, cdc2, and mitotic phosphoprotein monoclonal-2 (MPM-2)-reactive proteins; a severe apoptosis shown by a marked increase in the number of cells with hypo-diploid DNA and DNA fragmentation; and as a result, a severe inhibition of cell growth and proliferation measured by the MTT test and [3H]-thymidine uptake assay. As expected, KG-1 exhibited a significant increase in the 8-hydroxyguanine level in DNA whereas U937 did not. However, the level of irradiation-induced lipid peroxidation was almost the same in both cell lines. All of these symptoms shown by KG-1 were observed in Molt-4 and CEM-CM3, which were also found to feature low OGG1 activity. These findings suggest that OGG1 plays an important role in cell survival from radiation-induced damage and are also indicative of the capability of 8-hydroxyguanine in DNA to induce cellular toxicities.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by grants from The Ministry of Science & Technology of Korea through the National Research Laboratory Program for Free Radicals and the Nuclear R & D Program.
- Cyclin B1
- Free radicals
- MPM-2-reactive proteins