Racial disparities in child maltreatment: The role of social service availability

Kathryn Maguire-Jack, Yiwen Cao, Susan Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Using survey data collected from families in Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) clinics in Franklin County, Ohio, United States, this study examines racial disparities in child maltreatment through a focus on the relationship between social services availability and child maltreatment across black and white families. In the study county, black families were more likely to live within a closer distance of poverty, mental health, and substance abuse services compared to white families. White and black families reported similar levels of neglect, but black families reported higher levels of physically abusive behaviors. Proximity to poverty services was associated with lower rates of neglect for white families, but not black families; while proximity to mental health services was associated with lower rates of neglect for black families but not white families. Proximity to substance abuse services was associated with lower rates of physical abuse for white families, but no services were associated with decreased physical abuse for black families.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-55
Number of pages7
JournalChildren and Youth Services Review
Volume86
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2018

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
“Funded by an internal grant from The Ohio State University, College of Social Work , NIH Grant 1L60MD011023-01 .”

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Elsevier Ltd

Keywords

  • Maltreatment
  • Racial disparities
  • Social services availability

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