Quantitative evaluation of Lewis acidity of metal ions with different ligands and counterions in relation to the promoting effects of Lewis acids on electron transfer reduction of oxygen

Kei Ohkubo, Saija C. Menon, Akihiro Orita, Junzo Otera, Shunichi Fukuzumi

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Abstract

The gzz values of ESR spectra of superoxide (O2.-) complexes of metal ion salts acting as Lewis acids with different ligands and counterions were determined in acetonitrile at 143 K. The binding energies (ΔE) of O2.-/Lewis acid complexes have been evaluated from deviation of the gzz values from the free spin value. The ΔE value is quite sensitive to the difference in the counterions and ligands of metal ion salts acting as Lewis acids. On the other hand, the fluorescence maxima of the singlet excited states of 10-methylacridone/Lewis acid complexes are red-shifted as compared with that of 10-methylacridone, and the relative emission energies (Δhvf) vary significantly depending on the Lewis acidity of metal ion salts with different counterions and ligands. The promoting effects of Lewis acids were also examined on electron transfer from cobalt(II) tetraphenylporphyrin to oxygen in acetonitrile at 298 K, which does not occur in the absence of Lewis acids under otherwise the same experimental conditions. Both ΔE and Δhvf values are well correlated with the promoting effects of Lewis acids on the electron transfer reduction of oxygen. Such correlations indicate that ΔE and Δhvf values can be used as quantitative measures of Lewis acidity of metal ion salts with different ligands and counterions. The Lewis acidity thus determined can also be applied to predict the promoting effects of Lewis acids on organic synthesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4720-4726
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Organic Chemistry
Volume68
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 13 Jun 2003

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