Protein degradation by the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) affects many biological processes. Inhibition of the proteasome has emerged as a potential therapeutic target for cancer treatment. In this study, we developed a method for monitoring the degradation and accumulation of UPS-dependent substrates in cells using CE with dual LIF. We used a green fluorescent protein (GFP)-fusion of the ubiquitin substrate ribophorin 1 (GFP-RPN1) along with red fluorescent protein (RFP) as an internal control to normalize transfection efficiency. Determination of GFP-RPN1 and RFP in cell lysates were performed in an untreated capillary (75 μm × 50 cm) and 100 mM Tris-CHES buffer (pH 9.0) containing 10 mM SDS. GFP-RPN1 and RFP fluorescence were detected at excitation wavelengths of 488 and 635 nm, and emission wavelengths of 520 and 675 nm, respectively, without any interference or crosstalk. The intensity of GFP-RPN1 fluorescence was normalized to that of RFP. Additionally, the proposed approach was used successfully to detect the degradation of GFP-RPN1 and evaluate proteasome inhibitors. These results show that the developed method is effective and promising for rapid and quantitative monitoring of UPS-dependent substrates compared to the current common methods, such as immunoblotting and pulse chase assays.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
- CE with dual LIF
- Ubiquitin-dependent substrate
- Ubiquitin-proteasome system