PtFe nanoparticles supported on electroactive Au-PANI core@shell nanoparticles for high performance bifunctional electrocatalysis

Ji Eun Lee, Yu Jin Jang, Wenqian Xu, Zhenxing Feng, Hee Young Park, Jin Young Kim, Dong Ha Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

The design of cost-effective and efficient catalysts requires not only reduced usage of precious metals such as Pt, but also enhanced catalytic activity and stability, which are immensely important for applications in fuel cells and metal-air batteries. Multimetallic core@shell nanoparticles (NPs) consisting of Au core and metal-containing polyaniline (PANI) shells were prepared. These PANI coated AuNPs were sequentially mixed with selected transition metal precursors and platinum precursor solutions followed by chemical reduction to obtain uniformly distributed metal NPs on a surface with reduced Pt usage. We systematically investigated structural alterations during the sequential synthetic process and compared performance of the resultant nanostructures with respect to Pt-decorated AuNP@PANI NPs and commercial Pt/C catalysts. The AuNP@PANI@PtFe with optimized configuration exhibited about 2.5 and 6.8 times enhanced mass activity for an oxygen reduction reaction and methanol oxidation reaction, respectively, compared to Pt/C. Durability of the AuNP@PANI@PtFe was also over 1.5 times better than of that of Pt/C. The success of this strategy indicates potential applications for designing bifunctional catalysts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13692-13699
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Volume5
Issue number26
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'PtFe nanoparticles supported on electroactive Au-PANI core@shell nanoparticles for high performance bifunctional electrocatalysis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this