Psychological Ownership and Ambivalent Employee Behaviors: A Moderated Mediation Model

Myung-Ho Chung, Ahjung Kim

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review


This study explored two faces of psychological ownership. Specifically, we focused on the psychological process wherein two different routes via disparate mediators led to two seemingly contradictory outcomes: organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) and workplace aggressive behavior (WAB). In addition, we also examined the moderating role of a structural factor (i.e., network position) in the mediation process. Drawing on social exchange theory and
social network theory, we proposed that psychological ownership would produce both OCB and WAB through organization-based self-esteem and psychological entitlement respectively, and an individual’s network position would moderate the effects of this process. Data from 189 nurses from a general hospital in Korea revealed that psychological ownership was positively related to two ambivalent outcomes, OCB and WAB. Further, a central position in a friendship
network among nurses strengthened the positive relationship between psychological ownership and OCB. Overall, this study showed that psychological ownership was like a double-edged sword. We discussed the theoretical and practical implications of this finding.
Original languageAmerican English
StatePublished - 3 Aug 2021
EventAcademy of Management (AOM) Annual Meeting - , United States
Duration: 30 Jul 20213 Aug 2021


ConferenceAcademy of Management (AOM) Annual Meeting
Country/TerritoryUnited States


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