Proton-coupled electron transfer of unsaturated fatty acids and mechanistic insight into lipoxygenase

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A proton-coupled electron transfer (PCET) process plays an important role in the initial step of lipoxygenases to produce lipid radicals which can be oxygenated by reaction with O2 to yield the hydroperoxides stereoselectively. The EPR spectroscopic detection of free lipid radicals and the oxygenated radicals (peroxyl radicals) together with the analysis of the EPR spectra has revealed the origin of the stereo- and regiochemistry of the reaction between O2 and linoleyl (= (2Z)-10-carboxy-1-[(1Z)-hept-1- enyl]dec-2-enyl) radical in lipoxygenases. The direct determination of the absolute rates of H-atom-transfer reactions from a series of unsaturated fatty acids to the cumylperoxyl (= (1-methyl-1-phenylethyl)dioxy) radical by use of time-resolved EPR at low temperatures together with detailed kinetic investigations on both photoinduced and thermal electron-transfer oxidation of unsaturated fatty acids provides the solid energetic basis for the postulated PCET process in lipoxygenases. A strong interaction between linoleic acid (=(9Z,12Z)-octadeca-9,12-dienoic acid) and the reactive center of the lipoxygenases (FeIII-OH) is suggested to be involved to make a PCET process to occur efficiently, when an innersphere electron transfer from linoleic acid to the FeIII state is strongly coupled with the proton transfer to the OH group.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2425-2440
Number of pages16
JournalHelvetica Chimica Acta
Issue number10
StatePublished - 2006


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