Protein kinase C-alpha activation by phorbol ester induces secretion of gelatinase B/MMP-9 through ERK 1/2 pathway in capillary endothelial cells.

Myung Jin Park, In Chul Park, Hyung Chan Lee, Sang Hyeok Woo, Jae Young Lee, Young Joon Hong, Chang Hun Rhee, Yun Sil Lee, Seung Hoon Lee, Bum Sang Shim, Toshino Kuroki, Seok Il Hong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the present study, phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) was found to increase secretion of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 and in vitro invasion in bovine capillary endothelial (BCE) cells, which were blocked by specific inhibitors of protein kinase C (PKC). To elucidate molecular mechanisms involved, we studied the effect of PMA on the activation of mitogen activated protein kinases (MAPKs), and found that PMA activated extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)1/2 and PD98059, a specific inhibitor of MAPK kinase, significantly reduced PMA-induced MMP-9 secretion as well as in vitro invasion of BCE cells. Treatment of safingol, a specific PKC-alpha inhibitor, and introduction of antisense PKC-alpha into these cells reduced the secretion of MMP-9 and activation of ERK1/2 by PMA. Furthermore, we employed adenoviral PKC-alpha and found that weak PMA stimulation (5 ng/ml) enhanced ERK1/2 activation and MMP-9 secretion in these cells. Therefore, we strongly suggest that PKC-alpha, partly at least, have a crucial role in MMP-9 secretion and invasion of BCE cells which are mediated via ERK1/2 signaling pathway.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-143
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Oncology
Volume22
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2003

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