Protein complexed with chondroitin sulfate in poly(lactide-co-glycolide) microspheres

Eun Seong Lee, Keun Hong Park, Dongmin Kang, In Suh Park, Hyo Young Min, Don Haeng Lee, Sungwon Kim, Jong Ho Kim, Kun Na

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Chondroitin sulfate (CsA) is an acidic mucopolysaccharide, which is able to form ionic complexes with positively charged proteins. In this study, a protein-CsA complex was constructed to nano-sized particles. Zeta potential measurements revealed that a CsA-to-protein fraction of greater than 0.1 results in a neutralization of the positive charge on lysozyme (Lys). Based on this preliminary study, we have prepared poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) microspheres harboring Lys/CsA complexes via the multi-emulsion method. Protein stability in the PLGA microspheres was preserved during both microsphere preparation and protein release. The profiles of Lys release from the PLGA microspheres evidenced nearly zero-order kinetics, depending on the quantity of CsA. An in vivo fluorescent image of experimental mouse tissue showed that the PLGA microspheres with the Lys/CsA complex had released the entirety of their Lys without no residual amount after 23 days, but microspheres without the complex harbored a great deal of residual Lys, which is attributable to its degradation by acidic PLGA degradates. The tissue reaction evidenced by the PLGA microspheres stabilized with CsA showed minimal foreign body reaction and little configuration of immune cells including neutrophils and macrophages, but the reactions of the PLGA microspheres without CsA were characterized by a relatively elevated inflammation. These results show that CsA is a viable candidate for long-acting micro-particular protein delivery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2754-2762
Number of pages9
Issue number17
StatePublished - Jun 2007

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was financially supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology (F104AA010006-06A0101-00610) in Korea.


  • Chondroitin sulfate
  • Ionic complex
  • Poly(lactide-co-glycolide) microsphere
  • Protein stabilization


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