Protective role of ABCA1 in ischemic preconditioning is mediated by downregulation of miR-33-5p and miR-135-5p

Hye Youn Sung, Eun Nam Choi, Jihye Han, Yun Ju Chae, Sun Wha Im, Hee Sun Kim, Eun Mi Park, Jung Hyuck Ahn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) significantly reduces ischemia–reperfusion injury in the brain by inducing ischemic tolerance. Although emerging evidence suggests that microRNAs (miRNAs) contribute to the pathogenesis of brain ischemia and IPC-induced neuroprotection, the role of miRNAs and their underlying mechanisms are still unclear. IPC was induced in male C57BL/6 mice by brief bilateral common carotid artery occlusion. After 24 h, mice underwent transient middle cerebral artery occlusion followed by 3 h of reperfusion. Expression levels of messenger RNAs (mRNAs) and proteins were examined in the ipsilateral cortex, and mimics and inhibitors of selective miRNAs were transfected into Neuro-2a cells before oxygen–glucose deprivation (OGD). Post-IPC miRNA expression profiling identified neuroprotection-associated changes in miRNA expression in the ipsilateral cortex after ischemic stroke. Among them, miR-33-5p and miR-135b-5p were significantly downregulated by IPC. Inhibition of miR-33-5p and miR-135b-5p expression protected Neuro-2a cells from OGD-induced apoptosis. Inhibition of these two miRNAs significantly increased mRNA and protein levels of ATP-binding cassette subfamily A member 1 (ABCA1), and a binding assay showed that these two miRNAs showed specificity for Abca1 mRNA. Overexpression of ABCA1 decreased the Bax/Bcl2 mRNA ratio and activation of caspase-9 and caspase-3, whereas knockdown of ABCA1 expression increased the Bax/Bcl2 mRNA ratio and the percentage of Neuro-2a cells with a loss of mitochondrial membrane potential after OGD-treatment. In conclusion, ABCA1 expression is regulated by miR-33-5p and miR-135b-5p. Increased ABCA1 expression following IPC exerts a protective influence against cerebral ischemia via suppression of a mitochondria-dependent apoptosis pathway.

Original languageEnglish
Article number12511
JournalScientific Reports
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

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