Protective effect of recombinant adeno-associated virus 2/8-mediated gene therapy from the maternal hyperphenylalaninemia in offsprings of a mouse model of phenylketonuria

Sung Chul Jung, Joo Won Park, Hyun Jeong Oh, Jin Ok Choi, Kyung In Seo, Eun Sook Park, Hae Young Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Phenylketonuria (PKU) is an autosomal recessively inherited metabolic disorder caused by a deficiency of phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH). The accumulation of phenylalanine leads to severe mental and psychomotor retardation, and the fetus of an uncontrolled pregnant female patient presents with maternal PKU syndrome. We have reported previously on the cognitive outcome of biochemical and phenotypic reversal of PKU in a mouse model, Pahenu2, by the AAV serotype 2-mediated gene delivery of a human PAH transgene. However, the therapeutic efficacy had been limited to only male PKU mice. In this study, we generated a pseudotyped recombinant AAV2/8-hPAH vector and infused it into female PKU mice through the hepatic portal vein or tail vein. Two weeks after injection, complete fur color change to black was observed in female PKU, as in males. The PAH activity in the liver increased to 65-70% of the wild-type activity in female PKU mice and to 90% in male PKU mice. Plasma phenylalanine concentration in female PKU mice decreased to the normal value. In addition, the offsprings of the treated female PKU mice can rescue from the harmful effect of maternal hyperphenylalaninemia. These results indicate that recombinant AAV2/8-mediated gene therapy is a potential therapeutic strategy for PKU.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)877-883
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Korean Medical Science
Volume23
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2008

Keywords

  • Dependovirus
  • Gene therapy
  • Hyperphenylalaninemia
  • Mice
  • Phenylketonurias

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