We have recently demonstrated that human follicular dendritic cells (FDCs) strongly express prostacyclin synthase. The purpose of this study is to investigate the production mechanism of prostacyclin using the established human FDC line, HK. The levels of PGIS protein expression did not vary during the different stages of the cell cycle. We stimulated HK cells with various inflammatory cytokines but, none of the tested stimuli modulated PGIS expression significantly. However, incubation of HK cells with tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α gave rise to a significant increase in the protein level of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2. Furthermore, elevated levels of prostacyclin secretion stimulated by TNF-α were markedly down-regulated by indomethacin and a selective COX-2 inhibitor. These results suggest that the production of prostacyclin in FDC is controlled by the regulation of upstream COX-2 but not by terminal PGIS protein production. This study has important implications for the development of new anti-inflammatory drugs.
- Follicular dendritic cell
- Prostacyclin synthase