Propagation of a meteotsunami from the yellow sea to the korea strait in april 2019

Kyung Man Kwon, Byoung Ju Choi, Sung Gwan Myoung, Han Seul Sim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


A meteotsunami with a wave height of 0.1–0.9 m and a period of 60 min was observed at tide gauges along the Korea Strait on 7 April 2019, while a train of two to four atmospheric pressure disturbances with disturbance heights of 1.5–3.9 hPa moved eastward from the Yellow Sea to the Korea Strait. Analysis of observational data indicated that isobar lines of the atmospheric pressure disturbances had angles of 75–83 counterclockwise due east and propagated with a velocity of 26.5–31.0 m/s. The generation and propagation process of the meteotsunami was investigated using the Regional Ocean Modeling System. The long ocean waves were amplified due to Proudman resonance in the southwestern Yellow Sea, where the water is deeper than 75 m; here, the long ocean waves were refracted toward the coast on the shallow coastal region of the northern Korea Strait. Refraction and reflection by offshore islands significantly affect the wave heights at the coast. To investigate the effects of an eastward-moving velocity and angle of atmospheric pressure disturbance on the height of a long ocean wave, sensitivity simulations were performed. This result will be useful for the real-time prediction system of meteotsunamis in the Korea Strait.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1083
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2021


  • Atmospheric pressure disturbance
  • Korea Strait
  • Long ocean wave
  • Meteotsunami
  • Proudman resonance


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