Prognostic significance of survivin expression and combined analysis with cancer stem cell and epithelial–mesenchymal transition-related markers in patients with rectal cancer undergoing preoperative chemoradiotherapy

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Abstract

Aim: To identify the candidate marker predicting treatment response and survival outcome in rectal cancer patients who received preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT). Patients and Methods: Between 2000 and 2015, 159 patients with histologically-confirmed rectal adenocarcinoma underwent preoperative CRT followed by surgery. Among them, 70 patients were enrolled and the expression of survivin, cancer stem cell markers (CD44 and CD133) and epithelial–mesenchymal transition markers (E-cadherin and TWIST1) in pretreatment biopsy specimens were evaluated by immunohistochemistry. Associations between the expression of markers and clinical outcomes were evaluated. Results: The median follow-up period of all patients was 71 (range=15-203) months. Five-year overall (OS), disease-free (DFS), locoregional recurrence-free (LRRFS) and distant metastasis-free (DMFS) survival were 80.5%, 60.2% 90.1% and 76.5%, respectively. A significant association between survivin overexpression and worse treatment outcome was shown on univariate analyses for OS, DFS and DMFS (p=0.022, 0.002, and 0.005, respectively). On multivariate analysis, survivin overexpression was an adverse prognosticator for DFS and DMFS (p=0.007 and 0.015, respectively), with a borderline significant trend towards a shorter OS (p=0.069). Four other single biomarkers were not associated with survival outcomes. However, overexpression of both survivin and CD44 was significantly associated with worse OS on multivariate analysis (p=0.003). Conclusion: Survivin combined with CD44 might be a candidate biomarker for the prediction of recurrence and survival in patients who received preoperative CRT for rectal cancer. Further research with a larger population is needed to validate these results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6881-6889
Number of pages9
JournalAnticancer Research
Volume38
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 International Institute of Anticancer Research. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Cancer stem cell
  • Epithelial–mesenchymal transition
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Preoperative chemoradiotherapy
  • Rectal cancer
  • Survivin

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