Prognostic analysis of uterine cervical cancer treated with postoperative radiotherapy: Importance of positive or close parametrial resection margin

Yi Jun Kim, Kyung Ja Lee, Kyung Ran Park, Jiyoung Kim, Wonguen Jung, Rena Lee, Seung Cheol Kim, Hye Sung Moon, Woong Ju, Yun Hwan Kim, Jihae Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To analyze prognostic factors for locoregional recurrence (LRR), distant metastasis (DM), and overall survival (OS) in cervical cancer patients who underwent radical hysterectomy followed by postoperative radiotherapy (PORT) in a single institute. Materials and Methods: Clinicopathologic data of 135 patients with clinical stage IA2 to IIA2 cervical cancer treated with PORT from 2001 to 2012 were reviewed, retrospectively. Postoperative parametrial resection margin (PRM) and vaginal resection margin (VRM) were investigated separately. The median treatment dosage of external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) to the whole pelvis was 50.4 Gy in 1.8 Gy/fraction. High-dose-rate vaginal brachytherapy after EBRT was given to patients with positive or close VRMs. Concurrent platinum-based chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) was administered to 73 patients with positive resection margin, lymph node (LN) metastasis, or direct extension of parametrium. Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test were used for analyzing LRR, DM, and OS; Cox regression was applied to analyze prognostic factors. Results: The 5-year disease-free survival was 79% and 5-year OS was 91%. In univariate analysis, positive or close PRM, LN metastasis, direct extension of parametrium, lymphovascular invasion, histology of adenocarcinoma, and chemotherapy were related with more DM and poor OS. In multivariate analysis, PRM and LN metastasis remained independent prognostic factors for OS. Conclusion: PORT after radical hysterectomy in uterine cervical cancer showed excellent OS in this study. Positive or close PRM after radical hysterectomy in uterine cervical cancer correlates with poor prognosis even with CCRT. Therefore, additional treatments to improve local control such as radiation boosting need to be considered.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)109-116
Number of pages8
JournalRadiation Oncology Journal
Volume33
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2015

Keywords

  • Parametrial resection margin
  • Postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy
  • Uterine cervical neoplasms

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