Profiles of Social Engagement and Their Association With Loneliness and Self-Rated Health Among Older Korean Immigrants

Nan Sook Park, Yuri Jang, David A. Chiriboga, Soondool Chung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purposes of this study were to (1) develop a typology of social engagement in older Korean immigrants in the United States and (2) compare the groups in the typology regarding their level of loneliness and self-rated health. Data were drawn from the Study of Older Korean Americans covering the five geographic locations (N = 2,149). Using eight criterion variables concerning the type and frequency of activities, latent profile analysis identified a six-group model as the most optimal with the following groups: diverse, active, moderately social, structured, sedentary, and restricted. When the restricted group was used as the reference, the groups that were more socially engaged were found to have lower levels of loneliness. Additionally, being a member of the active or moderately social group was associated with more favorable self-ratings of health. These findings hold implications for understanding the variability of social engagement and how it relates to health and well-being.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)300-311
Number of pages12
JournalResearch on Aging
Volume42
Issue number9-10
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2020

Keywords

  • loneliness
  • older Korean immigrants
  • self-rated health
  • social engagement
  • typology

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