Probing the ionic defect landscape in halide perovskite solar cells

Sebastian Reichert, Qingzhi An, Young Won Woo, Aron Walsh, Yana Vaynzof, Carsten Deibel

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68 Scopus citations


Point defects in metal halide perovskites play a critical role in determining their properties and optoelectronic performance; however, many open questions remain unanswered. In this work, we apply impedance spectroscopy and deep-level transient spectroscopy to characterize the ionic defect landscape in methylammonium lead triiodide (MAPbI3) perovskites in which defects were purposely introduced by fractionally changing the precursor stoichiometry. Our results highlight the profound influence of defects on the electronic landscape, exemplified by their impact on the device built-in potential, and consequently, the open-circuit voltage. Even low ion densities can have an impact on the electronic landscape when both cations and anions are considered as mobile. Moreover, we find that all measured ionic defects fulfil the Meyer–Neldel rule with a characteristic energy connected to the underlying ion hopping process. These findings support a general categorization of defects in halide perovskite compounds.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6098
JournalNature Communications
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2020

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