Prefrontal grey-matter changes in short-term and long-term abstinent methamphetamine abusers

Ju Kim Seog, In Kyoon Lyoo, Jaeuk Hwang, Ain Chung, Hoon Sung Young, Jihyun Kim, Do Hoon Kwon, Hyun Chang Kee, Perry F. Renshaw

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

115 Scopus citations

Abstract

Authors explored grey-matter density in 29 methamphetamine abusers and 20 healthy comparison subjects using voxel-based morphometry. Grey-matter density changes and performances on the Wisconsin Card Sorting test (WCST) were also compared between 11 short-term (<6 months) and 18 long-term (≥6 months) abstinent methamphetamine abusers. Methamphetamine abusers had lower grey-matter density in the right middle frontal cortex (corrected p < 0.05) and more total errors in the WCST (p < 0.01) relative to healthy comparison subjects. Grey-matter density decrease in the right middle frontal cortex correlated with total errors in the WCST in methamphetamine abusers (r = -0.45). Long-term abstinent abusers had significantly less right middle frontal grey-matter density decrease (p < 0.01) and total errors in the WCST (p < 0.01) than short-term abstinent abusers, but more than the healthy comparison subjects. We report that methamphetamine abusers have prefrontal grey-matter deficit, which may, in part, recover with long-term abstinence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)221-228
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2006

Keywords

  • Abstinence
  • Executive function; frontal lobe
  • Methamphetamine
  • Voxel-based morphometry

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