Predictive Scale for Amyloid PET Positivity Based on Clinical and MRI Variables in Patients with Amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment

Min Young Chun, Geon Ha Kim, Hee Kyung Park, Dong Won Yang, Sangyun Kim, Seong Hye Choi, Jee Hyang Jeong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The presence of amyloid-β (Aβ) deposition is considered important in patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI), since they can progress to Alzheimer’s disease dementia. Amyloid positron emission tomography (PET) has been used for detecting Aβ deposition, but its high cost is a significant barrier for clinical usage. Therefore, we aimed to develop a new predictive scale for amyloid PET positivity using easily accessible tools. Overall, 161 aMCI patients were recruited from six memory clinics and underwent neuropsychological tests, brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), apolipoprotein E (APOE) genotype testing, and amyloid PET. Among the potential predictors, verbal and visual memory tests, medial temporal lobe atrophy, APOE genotype, and age showed significant differences between the Aβ-positive and Aβ-negative groups and were combined to make a model for predicting amyloid PET positivity with the area under the curve (AUC) of 0.856. Based on the best model, we developed the new predictive scale comprising integers, which had an optimal cutoff score ≥ 3. The new predictive scale was validated in another cohort of 98 participants and showed a good performance with AUC of 0.835. This new predictive scale with accessible variables may be useful for predicting Aβ positivity in aMCI patients in clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3433
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume11
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2022

Keywords

  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • apolipoprotein E
  • medial temporal lobe atrophy
  • mild cognitive impairment
  • positron emission tomography

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