Postoperative changes of intermittent exotropia type as classified by 1-hour monocular occlusion

Seok Hyun Bae, Young Bok Lee, Soolienah Rhiu, Joo Yeon Lee, Mi Young Choi, Hae Jung Paik, Key Hwan Lim, Dong Gyu Choi

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Purpose To evaluate postoperative changes of the intermittent exotropia type as classified by 1-hour monocular occlusion test. Design Institutional, retrospective study. Methods We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 179 patients who had undergone surgery for intermittent exotropia with a postoperative follow-up of 6 months or more. We evaluated the exodeviation obtained before and after 1-hour monocular occlusion preoperatively and again at postoperative 1, 3 and 6 months. Intermittent exotropia was divided into 4 types according to Burian’s classification. The main outcome measure was the distribution of intermittent exotropia type based on 1-hour monocular occlusion in both pre- and postoperative periods. Results Of the 179 patients, 152 (84.9%) were assigned preoperatively to the basic type, 14 (7.8%) to the pseudo-divergence excess type, and 13 (7.8%) to the convergence insufficiency type. At postoperative 1, 3, and 6 months, the exotropia-type distribution was shifted predominantly to the basic type (p<0.001, p = 0.004, p = 0.029, respectively). Among the preoperative basic-type patients, 96.9% maintained that type postoperatively. However, only 18.2 and 11.1% of the pseudo-divergence excess and convergence insufficiency types maintained the same type. The proportions of the basic type had increased at postoperative 6 months, from 87.8 to 95.7% for bilateral lateral rectus (BLR) recession, from 73.7 to 92.3% for unilateral recess-resect (R&R), and from 88.0 to 95.0% for unilateral lateral rectus (ULR) recession. Conclusion The type of intermittent exotropia changed mostly to the basic type postoperatively even as classified after 1-hour monocular occlusion. This finding was consistent regardless of the surgical methods (BLR, ULR recession and R&R).

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0200592
JournalPLoS ONE
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2018


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