Posterolateral rotatory instability treated by a modified biceps rerouting technique: Technical considerations and results in cases with and without posterior cruciate ligament insufficiency

Sung Jae Kim, Sang Jin Shin, Jae Hoon Jeong

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20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: This study compared the clinical results of modified biceps femoris tenodesis with posterolateral rotatory instability (PLRI) injuries and PLRI combined with PCL injuries. Type of Study: Case series. Methods: Of 46 patients treated for PLRI, 21 had isolated PLRI (group 1), and 25 had PLRI with PCL injuries (group 2). The most common cause of injury was motor vehicle accident. The PCL was reconstructed using an arthroscopic 1-incision technique. The advantages of the modified Clancy technique include fixation of the biceps tendon to the isometric position and reduced surgical damage to the iliotibial band by dissection to the lateral femoral epicondyle through the interval between the iliotibial band and biceps muscle. Results: All knees tested positive in the preoperative reverse pivot shift test, and 43 patients (93%) tested negative postoperatively. The side-to-side difference of an average external rotation thigh-foot angle (ERTFA) at both 30° and 90° of knee flexion was 15° and 11° in group 1 and 21° and 26° in group 2 preoperatively. Postoperative ERTFA tested at 30° and 90° of knee flexion were 10° less than the uninvolved knee in both groups. At a mean follow-up of 40.3 months, the postoperative Lysholm knee score was 93.6 in group 1 and 90.4 in group 2. The postoperative HSS mean value was 91.1 in group 1 and 87.9 in group 2. A correction loss of more than 5° was found in 3 patients of group 1 and in 5 patients of group 2 at an average 12 months after surgery. In 5 of 8 patients, severe scar tissues were found at the insertion site of the biceps tendon to the fibula during surgery. These tissues were associated with damage of the involved structures at the time of injury. Conclusions: Based on our experience, we recommend the modified biceps tenodesis for the reconstruction of both PLRI injuries and PLRI combined with PCL injuries except in patients with severe damage at the attachment site of the biceps tendon.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)493-499
Number of pages7
JournalArthroscopy - Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery
Volume19
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2003

Keywords

  • Angle
  • Biceps tenodesis
  • Knee
  • PCL
  • Posterolateral instability
  • Reconstruction

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